Gainax Company, Limited (株式会社ガイナックス, Kabushiki-gaisha Gainakkusu) is a Japanese anime studio famous for works such as Honneamise No Tsubasa, Top Wo Nerae!, Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water, Neon Genesis Evangelion, FLCL and Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann which have gone on to critical acclaim and commercial success, as well as for their association with award-winning anime director and studio co-founder Anno Hideaki. The company was headquartered in Koganei, Tokyo, before moving to Mitaka, Tokyo.
The studio was formed in the early 1980s as Daicon Film by university students Anno Hideaki, Sadamoto Yoshiyuki, Yamaga Hiroyuki, Akai Takami, Okada Toshio, Takeda Yasuhiro, and Higuchi Shinji. Their first project was to make an animated short for the 20th Annual Japan National SF Convention, also known as Daicon III, held in 1981 in Osaka, Japan. The group made a much bigger splash at the 22nd Annual Japan National SF Convention, Daicon IV, in 1983.
The Daicon IV short firmly established Daicon Film as a talented new anime studio. The studio changed its name to Gainax in 1985, basing the term 'Gainax' on an obscure Tottori Prefecture term for 'giant' and the English suffix 'x'.
Since Gainax has originated as a group of fans, it was known for maintaining ties to the general otaku community, allowing doujinshi of its work, fan-made action figures, and promoting series like Evangelion at private festivals and so on.
Until Neon Genesis Evangelion, Gainax typically worked on stories created in-house, but the studio has increasingly developed anime adaptations of existing manga like Kareshi Kanojo no Jijou and Mahoromatic.
The Animage Anime Grand Prix has been awarded to Gainax for Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water in 1991, Neon Genesis Evangelion in 1995 and 1996, and The End of Evangelion in 1997.
Much of Gainax's former staff and series left Gainax starting in the late 2000s; notably Anno Hideaki formed Studio Khara and obtained the rights to Evangelion, several staff members (including those involved in Gurren Lagann) left to make Studio Trigger, and Gainax sold their rights to FLCL to I.G. Production. Gonzo is also made of former Gainax staff, having left in the early 90s.
Works and Series
- Daicon III
- Daicon IV
- Honneamise No Tsubasa | Royal Space Force: The Wings Of Honneamise
- Top Wo Nerae! | Gunbuster
- Fushigi no Umi no Nadia | Nadia: Secret of the Blue Water
- Otaku no Video
- Princess Maker 1
- Shinseiki Evangelion | Neon Genesis Evangelion * (now owned by Khara)
- Kareshi Kanojo no Jijou (KareKano)
- FLCL *(now handled by I.G.)
- Mahoromatic (2001)
- Abenobashi Mahou Shoutengai
- Puchi Puri Yucie
- Kono Minikuku mo Utsukushii Sekai | This Ugly yet Beautiful World
- Kore ga Watashi no Goshujin-sama | He is My Master
- Top Wo Nerae_2!
- Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann * (now owned by Trigger)
- Shikabane Hime
- Hanamaru Youchien
- Panty & Stocking with Garterbelt * (now owned by Trigger)
- Dantalian no Shoka
- Medaka Box (for Jump Comics)
- Tokurei Sochi Dantai Stella Jogakuin C3 Bu
- Mahou Shoujo Taisen
- Houkago no Pleiades